Understanding Your Skin Type

An ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao Tzu, once said, "Knowing others is intelligence, knowing yourself is true wisdom.” This applies to skin as well. Knowing your skin type helps you take care of it better. This blog gives all the know-how to understand your skin and treat it well. 

Understanding Different Skin Types

Human skin can largely be categorized into five types - oily, dry, normal, combination, and sensitive. Let’s take a closer look at each of these skin types. 

Oily Skin

Oily skin is an outcome of excess sebum production, a natural oil produced by the skin's sebaceous glands, leading to a continuously shiny or greasy appearance, especially in the T-zone (the forehead, nose, and chin). Excess oil can cause the skin to look thick and dull and may lead to issues such as enlarged pores, blackheads, acne, and other blemishes. The oily sheen can vary throughout the day and can be exacerbated by stress, hormonal changes, and humidity.


The causes of oily skin are listed below:

  • Genetics: Genetics plays a key role in your skin type. If either of your parents has/had oily skin, it's likely the cause of that greasy sheen on your skin. 

  • Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, or menopause can lead to increased sebum production and hence oily skin

  • Environmental Factors: High humidity and elevated temperatures can intensify the skin's oiliness. So if your skin is excessively oily, you might want to stay away from areas with high humidity or temperatures. 

  • Skincare Products and Routines: Using incorrect products or following improper skincare routines can stimulate more oil production instead of controlling it. 

How To Manage Oily Skin

  • Cleanse Regularly: Wash your face twice daily with a gentle, pH-balanced cleanser to remove excess oil without stripping the skin.

  • Choose What Goes On Your Skin Wisely: Use oil-free, non-comedogenic skincare products to avoid clogging pores and aggravating oiliness.

  • Moisturize Wisely: Choose lightweight, water-based moisturizers to hydrate the skin without adding extra oil.

  • Exfoliate Regularly: Gently exfoliate the skin once or twice a week to remove dead skin cells that can clog pores.

  • Watch Your Diet: Limit intake of oily, sugary, and processed foods which can contribute to oilier skin.

  • Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to maintain overall skin health and balance.

  • Avoid Touching Your Face: Keep your hands away from your face to prevent the transfer of additional oil and bacteria.

Dry Skin

Dry skin is the opposite of oily skin marked by a lack of moisture in the most superficial layer of the skin, the epidermis. It often feels tight and uncomfortable, especially after washing or during harsh weather conditions. This skin type may appear dull, rough, or flaky and is more susceptible to redness, itching, and irritation. The lack of moisture makes it less elastic and more prone to cracking and peeling.


  • Environmental Conditions: Exposure to cold, dry winter air or hot, dry summer climates can deplete the skin of its natural moisture leading to a dry and flaky texture. 

  • Indoor Heating: Using indoor heating can lower humidity levels, leading to drier skin. Do not overuse indoor heating to keep your skin from drying out. 

  • Hot Showers and Baths: Frequent or prolonged hot showers and baths can strip the skin of essential oils.

  • Genetic Predisposition: Family history can play a role in your propensity for dry skin.

  • Aging: Natural changes in skin texture and composition can occur with age, leading to dryness.

  • Medical Conditions: Certain health issues and skin disorders can contribute to or exacerbate dry skin.

Tips For Managing Dry Skin

  • Hydrating Cleansers: Use gentle, hydrating cleansers that do not strip moisture from the skin. Avoid harsh, soap-based cleansers which can exacerbate dryness.

  • Moisturize Well: After washing your face, use a thick moisturizer to keep it hydrated. Search for products containing hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or ceramides to help keep your skin moist.

  • Limit Hot Showers: Avoid hot showers. Hot water can remove natural oils from the skin more quickly.

  • Gentle Exfoliation: Remove dead skin cells and improve skin texture by gently exfoliating once or twice a week. Avoid abrasive scrubs which can damage dry skin and opt for a mild exfoliating product.

  • Humidifiers: Use a humidifier in your home to help maintain a healthy level of humidity, which can provide relief for dry skin.

  • Protect Your Skin: Shield your skin from harsh weather by wearing appropriate clothing and using a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect against UV damage.

  • Nutrition and Hydration: Maintain a healthy diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins and drink plenty of water to stay hydrated from the inside out.

  • Sensitive Skin Products: If your dry skin is sensitive, use hypoallergenic and fragrance-free products to avoid irritation.

Normal Skin

From a dermatological perspective, normal skin is the pinnacle of equilibrium. A well-balanced moisture content gives this type of skin a smooth, clear, and healthy-looking complexion. It does not have the parched look of dry skin or the excessive oiliness of oily skin types. Normal skin is smooth and velvety, glows naturally, and has small pores. It responds well to varying temperatures and conditions and rarely breaks out.

Maintaining Normal Skin

Even though normal skin may seem low-maintenance, it still needs attention to keep its equilibrium and avoid further problems. Here are some customized advice:

  • Gentle Cleansing: Use a mild cleanser to remove dirt, oil, and impurities without stripping the skin of its natural oils. Cleansing should be done twice daily, in the morning and at night, to maintain the skin's natural balance.

  • Adequate Hydration: Even normal skin needs hydration to maintain its health and elasticity. Use a lightweight, non-greasy moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated throughout the day.

  • Regular Exfoliation: Regularly exfoliate your skin to remove dead skin cells and promote cell renewal. This should be done one to two times a week, depending on your skin's needs and sensitivity.

  • Sun Protection: Protect your skin from sun damage, which can cause premature aging and skin cancer, by applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher every day, even when it’s cloudy.

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and plenty of water. Exercise regularly to promote circulation and skin health. Limit intake of alcohol and avoid smoking, as these can damage your skin over time.

  • Stress Management: High-stress levels can impact your skin's appearance and health. Find stress-reduction techniques that work for you, such as meditation, yoga, or reading.

Combination Skin

Combination skin means having both oily and dry areas on your face. Usually, the forehead, nose, and chin, known as the T-zone, are oily, while the cheeks remain dry. This mix can make choosing skincare products a bit tricky since you need to address both dryness and oiliness.

Caring For Combination Skin 

  • Zone-Specific Products: Use different skincare products for the oily and dry parts of your face. For example, apply stronger oil-control products on your T-zone and more hydrating ones on your cheeks.

  • Light Moisturizers: Choose moisturizers that are not heavy or greasy but can provide enough hydration. Choose non-comedogenic moisturizers that won't clog your pores.

  • Gentle Cleansing: Use a mild cleanser that doesn’t strip your skin. You might need a stronger cleanser for your oily zones and a gentler one for dry areas.

  • Regular Exfoliation: Exfoliation helps remove dead skin cells from both the oily and dry areas. Be careful not to over-exfoliate, as this can irritate both dry and oily skin types.

  • Balanced Diet and Hydration: Eating healthy foods and drinking plenty of water help maintain your skin's balance. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants can be particularly beneficial.

  • Sun Protection: Always apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin from UV rays. This helps prevent sun damage, which can worsen both dryness and oiliness.

  • Find the Right Makeup: If you wear makeup, look for products suitable for combination skin. These should help control shine without causing dryness.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin gets upset easily. It might get red, itchy, burn, or dry out when you use certain skincare products, are around things like pollution or pollen, or when the weather changes. People with sensitive skin have to be extra careful about what they put on their face and body.

How To Care For Sensitive Skin

  • Choose the Right Products: Use products that say "hypoallergenic" or "fragrance-free" on them. These are less likely to make your skin upset.

  • Try Before You Buy: Before you use a new product all over your face, try a little bit on a small part of your skin, like your wrist, to make sure it doesn’t irritate your skin.

  • Pick Soothing Ingredients: Look for products with aloe vera or chamomile. These ingredients can help calm down your skin when it’s feeling irritated.

  • Be Gentle: When you wash your face or apply products, be soft and gentle. Don’t rub your skin too hard.

  • Protect Your Skin: Keep your skin safe from things that can irritate it. This might mean wearing sunscreen, staying away from harsh weather, and avoiding touching your face too much.

  • Stay Moisturized: Keeping your skin hydrated with a good moisturizer can help prevent irritation and keep your skin feeling good.

  • Watch What You Eat: Sometimes food can affect your skin. Notice if certain foods make your skin feel worse and try to avoid them.

  • Less Is More: The more products you use, the more likely one might irritate your skin. Try to keep your skincare routine simple.

How To Determine Your Skin Type

Understanding your skin type is extremely crucial for selecting the right skincare products and routine. Here’s a simple guide to help you identify yours:

  • Cleanse Your Face: Wash your face with a gentle cleanser to remove makeup, oil, and dirt. Pat your skin dry with a towel.

  • Wait For An Hour: Let your skin return to its natural state without applying any products. During this time, your skin will reveal its true type.

Examine Your Skin:

  • Oily: Your skin looks shiny, particularly on the forehead, nose, and chin (T-zone).
  • Dry: Your skin feels tight, flaky, or rough.
  • Combination: Your T-zone is oily, but your cheeks and other parts are dry or normal.
  • Normal: Your skin feels balanced, not too oily or dry, and has a consistent texture.
  • Sensitive: Your skin reacts easily, showing redness or irritation after using certain products or due to environmental factors.

Blotting Sheet Test: Gently dab a blotting paper on various parts of your face for a second test. To measure the amount of oil absorbed, hold the sheet up to the light. A skin type with more oil is considered oilier than one with little to no oil, which denotes dry or normal skin.

Consider Sensitivity: If your skin often reacts with redness, itching, or breakouts, you may have sensitive skin. This can exist alongside other skin types.

Note: Your skin type can change due to environment, age, and lifestyle. Regularly check your skin type to use suitable products.

Oteria For All Skin Types 

Knowing your skin type can be tricky. There is a high possibility that if you’re running skin tests at home, you might come to an incorrect conclusion. This can be dreadful for your skin. Even if you can decipher your skin type correctly, the market is filled with gender-specific skincare brands and products that promise you perfect skin. How do you choose the right products?

Oteria helps you look beyond. Our products are designed for all skin types and genders and we walk the talk. We understand the importance of circadian rhythms in skin care and so, our products are categorized according to the rhythms of your body. Let's take a close look at a few products from Oteria. 

Time Travel Skin Cream

Oteria's Time Travel Skin Cream is a revolutionary anti-aging cream that helps you age with grace. Packed with the goodness of hyaluronic Acid and Silanetriol, this cream is your daily ticket to a more youthful, vibrant appearance.

Unveiling Youthful Radiance: Time Travel Skin Cream helps reduce wrinkles, bringing forth a smoother, more refined skin texture. It works diligently to plump and lift the skin, ensuring that each application is a step towards a firmer, more youthful-looking complexion.

Fuels The Skin’s Natural Processes: Oteria’s Time Travel Skin Cream encourages your skin's natural production of collagen and hyaluronic acid. These vital components are necessary to keep your skin hydrated and elastic, which will keep it supple and resistant to aging symptoms.

Works Like Magic: Feel an immediate wrinkle-lifting effect from the first application. This cream works quickly to smooth fine lines and wrinkles, giving your skin an instant improvement.

Key Ingredients 

Pentapeptide: Boosts collagen, reduces wrinkles, and improves skin firmness.

Hyaluronic Acid: Provides deep hydration, plumps the skin, and reduces fine lines.

Silanetriol: Strengthens skin’s barrier, enhances texture, and offers antioxidant protection.

How To Use

Apply a small quantity of the product on the skin using upward strokes until completely absorbed.


FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep protected from light and moisture at a temperature not exceeding 30°C. Keep out of reach of children.

Radiant Kiwi Face Mist

Oteria’s Radiant Kiwi Mist contains fresh kiwi cells and ashwagandha which help revitalize and brighten your skin. This mist fights digital and urban pollution, energizes cells, and leaves your skin feeling luminous and renewed.


  • Moisturizes and refreshes skin.
  • Restores skin's vitality and energy.
  • Nourishes the skin with essential nutrients.
  • Enhances cellular energy for a lively complexion.
  • Shields against digital pollution.

Key Ingredients

Fresh Kiwi Cells: Revitalizes and hydrates, providing antioxidants and vitamins.

Ashwagandha: Reduces stress on the skin, promotes healing, and combats signs of aging.

How To Use

Evenly spray the required amount onto the face and gently massage it into the skin.


FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep protected from light and moisture at a temperature not exceeding 30°C. Keep out of reach of children.

Plumpy Skin Serum

Plumpy Skin Serum is your best bet to reverse your aging process. Peptide serum rapidly tightens and revitalizes your skin, improving elasticity. Serving as a quick-fix solution for both oily and dry skin types, it mimics the effects of Botox and drastically eliminates wrinkles in just two weeks.


  • Instantly lifts and increases skin elasticity.
  • Provides an immediate wrinkle-lifting effect.
  • Significantly reduces wrinkles and fine lines within 2 weeks.
  • Enhances skin hydration for deep moisturization.

Key Ingredients

Polypeptide: Boosts firmness and reduces wrinkles.

Hyaluronic Acid: Deeply hydrates and plumps the skin.

How To Use

Using the dropper, apply a pea-sized amount of serum on your face. Gently dab it onto your skin and massage until completely absorbed.


FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep protected from light and moisture at a temperature not exceeding 30°C. Keep out of reach of children.

Bounce Back Skin Cream

In just two weeks, Bounce Back Skin Cream effectively treats wrinkles, provides deep hydration, and guards against photoaging. Its retinoid-encapsulated composition, which is perfect for nighttime use, improves skin tone and texture for a more youthful, balanced, and beautiful complexion.


  • Offers night-time skin protection.
  • Moisturizes and rejuvenates, with visible results in two weeks.
  • Calms skin irritation and provides wrinkle reduction.
  • Protects against photo-aging and evens out skin tone.

Key Ingredients

Encapsulated Retinol: Targets wrinkles without irritation.

Hyaluronic Acid: Deeply hydrates and plumps the skin.

How To Use

Apply a small quantity of the product on the skin using upward strokes until completely absorbed.


FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep protected from light and moisture at a temperature not exceeding 30°C. Keep out of reach of children.

Check out our entire range of products for flawless skin here


Knowing your skin is half the battle won when it comes to skincare. Once you know your skin, you can treat and care for it better by choosing products that suit your skin type. Guess work can prove fatal here. We recommend you take the extra effort and test your skin properly or get it tested to know your skin type before you apply any product. 


  1. Q) How can I determine my skin type at home?
  2. A) Wash your face with a gentle cleanser and wait an hour without applying any products. Then, examine how your skin feels and looks, especially in the T-zone and cheeks, to identify if it's oily, dry, combination, normal, or sensitive.

  1. Q) Can my skin type change over time?
  2. A) Yes, factors like aging, hormonal changes, environment, and lifestyle can alter your skin type. It's important to reassess your skin periodically.

  1. Q) Why is my skin oily in some areas and dry in others?
  2. A) You likely have combination skin, meaning your T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) is oily, while your cheeks are dry. This requires using different products to target these areas' specific needs.

  1. Q) How often should I wash my face if I have oily skin?
  2. A) Wash your face twice daily with a gentle, pH-balanced cleanser to remove excess oil without stripping your skin's natural moisture.

  1. Q) What type of moisturizer should I use for dry skin?
  2. A) Look for thick, hydrating moisturizers containing ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or ceramides to lock in moisture.

  1. Q) What does it mean if my skin is sensitive?
  2. A) Sensitive skin reacts easily to products or environmental factors, resulting in redness, itching, or burning. Use hypoallergenic, fragrance-free products and perform a patch test before applying new products.

  1. Q) How can I care for my combination skin effectively?
  2. A) Use zone-specific products, such as oil-free moisturizers for the T-zone and richer creams for dry areas, and adopt a balanced skincare routine that addresses both oiliness and dryness.

  1. Q) What should I do if I'm unsure about my skin type?
  2. A) If home tests don't clarify your skin type, consider consulting a dermatologist for a professional assessment and personalized skincare advice.
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